Nathan o hatchs point of view on the second great awakening

It combined a primitivist notion of the church, restored to its pristine purity on American soil in what he called the "Reformation of the nineteenth century" where it was free from both state and traditional ecclesiastical corruption, serving as a harbinger of the millennial age.

A similar debate occurred over the First Great Awakening, sparked by Jon Bulter's famous article describing the Great Awakening as an "interpretive fiction.

Frontier revival

Pietism was sweeping Germanic countries [5] and evangelicalism was waxing strong in England. Background[ edit ] Like the First Great Awakening a half century earlier, the Second Great Awakening in North America reflected Romanticism characterized by enthusiasm, emotion, and an appeal to the supernatural. Most of the Scots-Irish immigrants before the American Revolutionary War settled in the backcountry of Pennsylvania and down the spine of the Appalachian Mountains in present-day Maryland and Virginia , where Presbyterian emigrants and Baptists held large outdoor gatherings in the years prior to the war. Nevin envisioned an alliance between the German Reformed and German Lutheran Churches as a bulwark against Americanized evangelicalism. As a result, individual Christians contemplated their roles in society in purifying the world through the individuals to whom they could bring salvation. Horace Bushnell objected to the violent supernaturalism of revivalistic conversions, and offered in its place the sweet, gentle nurture of children in Christian homes. It was of limited influence, and disappeared with the reunion of the Old and New School Presbyterian Churches. The Methodists had their Holiness movement. Shelves: academic-reading-and-research , 19th-century-america Excellent, though too short to do justice to some of the questions it raises. The sheer exhilaration of participating in a religious revival with crowds of hundreds and perhaps thousands of people inspired the dancing, shouting, and singing associated with these events. Distinctive Features of the Second Great Awakening In the same work that Noll questions the validity of Second Great Awakening terminology, he nevertheless affirms that "nineteenth-century Protestant evangelicalism differed from the religion of the Protestant Reformation as much as sixteenth-century Reformation Protestantism differed from the Roman Catholic theology from which it emerged. Yet it has also been a source of strength for Christianity in America, which has retained a far more pervasive influence in American culture than Christianity has in other Western countries. Young people those under 25 also converted in greater numbers, and were the first to convert.

Charles Finney, a New England emigrant to western New York, adopted some of the techniques of frontier revivalism most notably the anxious bench, adapted from Camp Meeting altar calls and introduced moderated versions of these "New Measures" to Congregational and Presbyterian churches throughout New England and regions populated by New England emigrants in New York and the Midwest regions, not coincidentally, that would make up the strength of the New School Presbyterian Church.

John Henry Hopkins claimed the superiority of the Episcopal church could be seen precisely in its rich sacramental and liturgical life that made revivalism unnecessary. All three of these congregations were under the ministry of James McGready.

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First and second great awakening

George M. Reeves 12 England Revivalism, every adult was a potential convert, since infant baptism or previous church membership did nothing to guarantee true salvation. Shelves: academic-reading-and-research , 19th-century-america Excellent, though too short to do justice to some of the questions it raises. What makes you cringe? Though there were various radical movements,10 the magisterial Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican Reformers continued to affirm the general contours of creedal orthodoxy developed throughout the patristic and medieval periods. The counter-revivalists in this study offered counter-narratives set against prevailing revivalistic norms to offer an alternative understanding of American religious culture and to open up new directions for the future of Christian piety and theology. High Church Episcopalians Calvin Colton and John Henry Hopkins argued for the superiority of the Episcopal Church; Colton praised his church's refusal to meddle in political affairs in the manner of revivalistic reformers, and Hopkins appealed to his church's faithfulness to the pattern established by the "Primitive Church" of the first four centuries against the "novelties" of revivalism. The populist religious movements thrived in a culture that no longer required clergymen to serve as distributors of information. One consequence of the shift from evangelicals as renewal movements within established churches to independent church bodies was a transformation of worship. The example essays in Kibin's library were written by real students for real classes. That last feature, the individualism of these movements, generated a strong centrifugal force, splitting American Christianity into numerous sects. Check out our Privacy and Content Sharing policies for more information. New York: Oxford University Press,

The Awakening influenced numerous reform movements, especially abolitionists. While the colonial revivalists did not use the term "Great Awakening," they did invent the "idea of a coherent, intercolonial revival. John Williamson Nevin criticized revivalism's subjectivism, countering with a churchly piety, grounded on the objective presence of Christ in the sacraments.

Nathan o hatchs point of view on the second great awakening

Reformation practice assumed growth in grace following baptism, and even the Puritans, with a greater emphasis on a felt conversion experience, stressed waiting for the Lord to act. Are these essay examples edited? Renewal movements, such as Pietists within the state Lutheran Church or Methodists within the Anglican church, focused on a narrow range of issues: Bible reading, spiritual conversation, and the development of personal affective piety. For Hatch's purposes, this paradigm works pretty well, since he Excellent, though too short to do justice to some of the questions it raises. Baptists and Methodist revivals were successful in some parts of the Tidewater South, where an increasing number of common planters, plain folk , and slaves were converted. George M. However, in this paper I will argue that a similar scholarly fate seemed to befall the Great Awakening of the eighteenth century, which produced a scholarly rehabilitation that has enriched our understanding of the First Great Awakening in particular, and the evangelical movement in general. Wood, Gordon S. The first informal camp meeting began in June, when people began camping on the grounds of the Red River Meeting House. Ward has called "the most important single generation in the modern history not merely of English religion but of the whole Christian world. America transformed evangelicalism, just as evangelicalism transformed America.

Leland is probably better known today, Hatch observes, as a Jeffersonian politician. The appearance of antirevivalists does not signal a heterogeneity that makes general characterizations impossible; rather, the interaction of revivalists with their innovations and anti-revivalists who both rested on and revised their traditional theological formulations reshaped the American religious landscape, constructing the First Great Awakening.

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second great awakening mormon

The focus of this volume is religion in Rochester, New York, so the book is not necessarily aimed at providing its readers with broader conclusions. The circuit riders came from among the common people, which helped them establish rapport with the frontier families they hoped to convert.

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Nathan O. Hatch's Point of View on the Second "Great Awakening"