Humanistics existentially personality theories
Narrative therapy assumes that people's lives, including their relationships, are shaped by language and the knowledge and meaning contained in the stories they hear and tell about their lives. Because these approaches attempt to address the underlying factors of substance abuse disorders, they may not always directly confront substance abuse itself.
Included in empathizing, unconditional positive regard is one of the key elements of humanistic psychology. Eastern philosophy and psychology also play a central role in humanistic psychology, as well as Judeo-Christian philosophies of personalismas each shares similar concerns about the nature of human existence and consciousness.
The humanistic therapist tries to create a therapeutic relationship that is warm and accepting and that trusts that the client's inner drive is to actualize in a healthy direction. Likewise, inthe American Psychological Association 's publication for humanistic psychology Division 32 of APA ran an article titled, What makes research humanistic?
Humanistic existential gestalt psychology
Response to the case study The therapist may initially ask Sandra to describe some of the important transitional moments in her life. Narrative therapy assumes that people's lives, including their relationships, are shaped by language and the knowledge and meaning contained in the stories they hear and tell about their lives. For Rogers the focus of psychology is not behavior Skinner , the unconscious Freud , thinking Wundt or the human brain but how individuals perceive and interpret events. That makes for a lot of interpersonal relationships and individual personalities in this world that we live in. Wittine suggests five postulates for a transpersonal psychotherapy Wittine, : Transpersonal psychotherapy is an approach to healing and growth that recognizes the centrality of the self in the therapeutic process. In transpersonal psychotherapy, the therapeutic relationship is a vehicle for the process of awakening in both client and therapist. Saul McLeod , updated Humanistic, humanism and humanist are terms in psychology relating to an approach which studies the whole person, and the uniqueness of each individual. A transpersonal approach emphasizes development of the individual beyond, but including, the ego. Practical origins[ edit ] WWII created practical pressures on military psychologists, they had more patients to see and care for than time or resources permitted.
Origins[ edit ] One of humanistic psychology's early sources was the work of Carl Rogerswho was strongly influenced by Otto Rankwho broke with Freud in the mids. Humanism rejects scientific methodology like experiments and typically uses qualitative research methods.
Humanistic/existential perspective of personality
As Sandra developed trust in the therapist, he would begin to emphasize her positive characteristics and her potential to make meaningful choices to become the person she wants to and can become. Personal agency refers to the choices we make in life, the paths we go down and their consequences. Becoming aware of this process yields insight and facilitates the ability to choose new ways of being and acting. Role playing also plays a large role in Gestalt therapy and allows for a true expression of feelings that may not have been shared in other circumstances. These techniques will also work well in conjunction with other types of therapy. Humanistic psychology expanded its influence throughout the s and the s. Humanism rejects scientific methodology: Rogers and Maslow placed little value on scientific psychology , especially the use of the psychology laboratory to investigate both human and animal behavior. The humanistic approach has its roots in phenomenological and existentialist thought  see Kierkegaard , Nietzsche , Heidegger , Merleau-Ponty and Sartre. Essentially, these terms refer the same approach in psychology. For the qualitative researcher and the therapist, the goals are the same: openness to the other, active participation, and awareness of one's own subjectivity, rather than illusory objectivity. A transpersonal approach emphasizes development of the individual beyond, but including, the ego. It is through this sense of storytelling--as oral history--that we reveal our values, expectations, hopes, and fears. The details of the specific approaches are laid out later in this chapter.
She would feel supported in making critical choices in her life and more confident to resume her recovery. A sense of interconnection, a central postulate and experience in the wisdom traditions, may replace her perceived isolation.
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