An analysis of kohlbergs theory of moral reasoning

This obedience is compelled by the threat or application of punishment.

conventional morality

The second stage of this level is characterized by a view that right behavior means acting in one's own best interests. The child is motivated by self-interest to do chores. Cite this paper Zhang, Q.

Kohlbergs theory of moral development ppt

Preconventional Morality The earliest stage of moral development, obedience, and punishment are especially common in young children, but adults are also capable of expressing this type of reasoning. Its first stage stage 5 is an understanding of social mutuality and a genuine interest in the welfare of others. Nevertheless, moral judgments can be evaluated in logical terms of truth and falsity. For the stage two theorist, the world's perspective is often seen as morally relative. Kohlberg believed that women tended to remain at the third level of moral development because they place a stronger emphasis on things such as social relationships and the welfare of others. Stage 5 is taking social contract as its orientation. Whatever the right is, for Kohlberg, it must be universally valid across societies a position known as " moral universalism " : [8] there can be no relativism. They should be read as such. At this stage, people follow these internalized principles of justice, even if they conflict with laws and rules. Reciprocity is possible at this point in moral development, but only if it serves one's own interests.

Translated by Guo, B. Kohlberg believed Thus the arguments analyzed by Kohlberg and other rationalist psychologists could be considered post hoc rationalizations of intuitive decisions; moral reasoning may be less relevant to moral action than Kohlberg's theory suggests.

The "view of persons" can be understood as the individual's grasp of the psychology of other persons; it may be pictured as a spectrum, with stage one having no view of other persons at all, and stage six being entirely socio-centric.

Kohlbergs stages of moral development ages

To prove this assertion, Kohlberg spent more than ten years tracking qualitatively children and adolescents of different ages in various cultures by putting forward moral dilemma questions. Laws are regarded as social contracts rather than rigid edicts. People in this stage realize the importance to obey laws, dictums and social conventions because of their importance in maintaining a functioning society. Decisions are not reached hypothetically in a conditional way but rather categorically in an absolute way, as in the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Rules of law are important for maintaining a society, but members of the society should agree upon these standards. While Kohlberg always believed in the existence of Stage 6 and had some nominees for it, he could never get enough subjects to define it, much less observe their longitudinal movement to it. Have you ever wondered what your personality type means?

Conventional Morality Often referred to as the "good boy-good girl" orientation, the stage of the interpersonal relationship of moral development is focused on living up to social expectations and roles. Have you ever wondered what your personality type means?

In that process, they may turn to some behaviors that are against the traditional notions.

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KOHLBERG'S THEORY OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT